Vaginal yeast infection occurs due to the introduction of new yeast or when there is an overgrowth of yeast relative to the quantity of normal bacteria.
Causes of Vaginal Yeast Infection
Some of the reasons for the occurrence of yeast infection are:
- When the eradication of bacteria happens due to the use of antibiotics or immunosuppressive drugs.
- Injury caused to the inner vagina because of chemotherapy.
- Conditions such as diabetes mellitus and pregnancy, use of oral contraceptives and douches can also lead to vaginal yeast infection.
- Stress, lack of sleep, hormonal changes during periods, consumption of high amounts of sugary food, etc., can also increase the risk of yeast infection.
This infection is not sexually transmitted. This is because the yeast Candida albicans that is responsible for the infection is present in normal vagina and even celibate women are prone to the infection.
Possible effects of Vaginal Yeast Infection on Men
However, men may develop irritation of the penis skin following a sexual intercourse with an infected partner.
Symptoms of Vaginal Yeast Infection
Extreme itchiness in the area around the vagina is the most common symptom of yeast infection. There may also be other symptoms such as:
- Pain at the time of passing urine
- Redness, burning and swelling of the vagina
- Pain during sex
- A thick white vaginal discharge
A woman suffering from vaginal infection may have only one of these symptoms or a combination of the symptoms. The symptoms may range from mild to severe. Vaginal yeast infection is diagnosed through a pelvic examination for swelling and discharge and examination under the microscope or through a swab test of the vaginal fluid.
Treatment of Vaginal Yeast Infection
Anti-fungal creams, tablets, ointments and suppositories that can be inserted into the vagina are the common treatments for the infection. Some of these medications are available over the counter, but some are available only on production of doctor’s prescription. Doctors may prescribe a single dose of fluconazole for oral consumption.